READING Practice Activity
Matching Sentence Endings (Causes and Effects)
You will be provided with two lists. In most cases, one list contains a small number of causes and the other list contains a larger number of effects. The task is to find the effect which arose from (matches) each cause. Make sure you understand clearly what the words 'cause' and 'effect' mean!
- understanding cause and effect relationships.
- understanding gist and paraphrase.
- skimming for information.
What you should do
- Decide which list you should work from. Usually, the causes list is shorter than the effects list and so it is probably best to use it.
- Read the first cause.
- Look at the effects list. Some will be possible, some can probably be eliminated.
- Find the section in the text which discusses the first cause and read it carefully to find the effect.
- Then go back to the effects list and choose the one which paraphrases the information in the reading text.
- If none of the effects listed seem to match, then keep reading the text. Quite often, causes have more than one effect.