Reference Machine for Journal Articles in Vancouver style

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On this page: How to do a bibliographic reference for a journal article in Vancouver style.
Related pages: Referencing,  Reference Machines for a book, a chapter in an edited book, a newspaper or magazine article or an Internet reference.

Example. Move your mouse over the example for details:

Thumb J. Language choice: English, Cantonese or mix? Hong Kong Polytechnic University Working Papers in ELT and Applied Linguistics, 1996: 2(2):37-56.

Fill in the boxes, and then press the 'Create Reference' button:

1. Main author's family name: (Help) -> e.g. Wong
2. Main author's initials: (Help) e.g. W.M.

If there is a second author, fill in points 3. and 4. If there is only one author, go on to number 7.

3. Second author's family name: (Help) e.g. Chan
4. Second author's initials: (Help) e.g. W.M.

If there is a third author, fill in points 5. and 6. If there are only two authors, go on to number 7.

5. Third author's family name: (Help) e.g. Fu
6. Third author's initials: (Help) e.g. W.M.
.. Continue adding authors and initials up to 3 more authors in this box. For more than that, use ' ,et al' after the third  instead of their names. e.g. Deng GH, Eo IJ, Fung KL et al
7. Date of publication: e.g.
8. Title of the ARTICLE, not the Journal (Capital letter for the first letter of the first word. If there is a sub-title, use a capital letter for the first letter of the first word.): e.g. Modern linguistics: Surveying the literature
9. Name of the Journal: with abbreviations such a J for Journal e.g. J Linguistics
10. Volume number: e.g. 20
11. Issue Number:
(Do not include the month and issue number if a journal has continuous  page numbers throughout a volume)
e.g. 4
12. Page numbers: e.g. 2
e.g. 2-4
e.g. 21,25

 Click this button for your reference:

Click this button to empty all the boxes and start again:


Author's Family Name Help:

If you can't find an author's name, for example in a newspaper or magazine, use the title of the newspaper or magazine.

Do not use 'et al.' in bibliographies: quote the names of all the authors and/or editors.

If you don't know which name is the family name and which are the other names:

  1. Look at the pages in the front of the book for the Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. If you see the author's name with a comma after the first word, then that first word is the author's family name.
  2. Use the library catalogue to search for the title of the book, then look for the author's name.
  3. Search for the book at or Barnes and Noble, find the book by its title, then look for the author's family name.
  4. Check the list of other names.
  5. If you can't find the information in the sources above, use all of the name.

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Author's Initials Help

The author's initials are the first letters of each of the author's family names. For example, if the author is Wong Wai Man, then the initials are WM

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Last updated on: Friday, August 19, 2016