|These are 17extracts from the
Introduction chapter of PolyU student FYPs. Identify the
information given in each extract
Extract 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
In Hong Kong, traffic noise is very serious because of the limitation of land. The most common method to reduce the noise is to close all the windows and use the air-conditioner for ventilation. In summer, closing all the windows and using the air-conditioner is not a problem because people need to change the air temperature of the indoor area. But in autumn and winter, people are not willing to use the air-conditioner because it is rather energy consuming. They may open the window in autumn and winter but it would make them suffer from the traffic noise. The airflow rate of the air-conditioner may also not be enough to make people comfortable. The noise from those air-conditioners also causes a nuisance to people and the traffic noise can also leak from the inflow area of the air-conditioner system especially the low frequency traffic noise.
The aim of this project is to research the
possibility of mechanical ventilation by using a tower fan and to
find out the optimal acoustic design or acoustic control of the
tower fan ventilation system. The
system will assume it is installed in a bedroom where the traffic
noise outside the room is serious so that we need to install a
special design louver to prevent the leakage of traffic noise from
the inflow area of the window. To reach the optimal design
of the louver, the intensity and frequency of the traffic noise and
the tower fan should be measured and analyzed.
Loyalty marketing has become a
worldwide trend nowadays, the reason is simple, the cost to retain
a customer is lower than gaining a new customer.
The main aim of this research project is to study university students' e-loyalty behaviour.
The objectives of
this research project are to
From a historical viewpoint, Hong Kong is an
interesting entity as it was a creation of the clash of two empires
- the British Empire and Imperial China. This gives Hong Kong the
unique characteristics of having both Eastern and Western
buildings. Under the rapid process of urbanization, the importance
of heritage had once been neglected. In recent years, the
conception of Hong Kong people changes. Conservation of historic buildings has become an important
subject in Hong Kong.
Actually, a successful heritage
conservation project depends not only on a realization of the joint
efforts between community and public institutes, but also whether
the technology for conserving historic buildings has reached
international standards or not. (Information Services Department, 2001).
Being an essential in
every building, regardless of historic buildings, modern building
services play an important role. These services indeed have been
used to assist the care and conservation of historic buildings.
These services may take the form of environmental controls, fire
and security measures. Very
little research on this has been carried out or it has limited
focus on this technological aspect of historic building
conservation in Hong Kong.
Moreover, as said
before, 'Change' is the continuing characteristic of a modern city.
It has the same implication on building services. The rapid
development of building services and technology has advanced in new
office and residential buildings. Can it be applied to historical buildings in Hong Kong, in
order to have better conservation effects?
The following specialist terms are used in this
Azimuth - The horizontal angular distance between the vertical plane containing a point in the sky (usually the sun) and true south. In other words, the angle of sun from true south as seen in plan view.
Polygonal Mesh - A set
of connected polygonally bounded planar surfaces.
Pain is a common accompaniment of many illness
situations and can be a major impediment to an adequate quality of
life. In addition, pain is the main symptom that leads
people to seek health care. Despite the advances in pain control
over the past decade, many patients in hospital settings continue
to experience unrelieved pain (Saxey, 1986,
It is estimated that at least 125 million Americans are affected by acute or chronic pain annually (Bonica, 1990). The clinical practice has changed very little in the past decades and improvements in pain management appear to occur slowly. (Ferrell, McGuire and Donovan, 1993; American Pain Society Quality of Care Committee, 1995). More often, persistent pain may be attributed to a deficit in the provision of effective health care (Portenoy, 1993).
management is an important nursing activity and is dependent on
reliable pain assessment. Therefore, the need
for improved nursing knowledge, including pain assessment,
pharmacology management and attitudinal barriers to enhance the
care of patients in pain are required.
The following research questions were addressed.
The aim of this study is to explore the present
knowledge and attitude regarding pain management among registered
nurses in Hong Kong.
The dissertation has concentrated on studying
the effects of varying the window size on the improvement of
daylight performance in residential buildings. However, this study does not attempt to
investigate the influence on the internal heat gain and the glare
problems in the residential building due to the increase in glazing
area. The main reason for this is the time constraints. Further
research could be conducted to explore the effects on these areas.
In addition, the study on the obstruction
angles aims to provide proof of their influences on daylight
performance and should be considered in the site planning stage.
The research has not attempted to give
guidelines on site planning.
The research report is divided into six
The introduction to the background and motivations of this study are presented in this chapter. The rest of the dissertation is organized as follows.
Chapter 2 presents a review of the types of benchmarking, types of benchmarking team and Spendolini's benchmarking model to familiarize the benchmarkers with the basic concept of benchmarking. A literature review of sampling size statistics formula for finding a benchmark is also included. The information that is found by previous researchers related to this study is summarized. The necessary theories and benchmarking models used for this study and their limitations are included.
Chapter 3 provides the aims and objectives, and scope of work of the present benchmarking study.
Chapter 4 describes the methodologies used in the present benchmarking study. It covers the works and procedures in planning the study, collection of data framework development and showcase illustration.
Chapter 5 gives a detailed description of the elements in the framework of the benchmarking tool. It includes the identification of good performance indexes, the formation of a benchmarking team, the identification of performance indicators, the collection of data, the evaluation of benchmarks, and the construction of benchmarking performance scales as well as some benchmarking management styles.
Chapter 6 demonstrates how a hotel's environmental performance could be benchmarked based on the developed framework in the previous chapter by a detailed showcase illustration with existing available data of energy and water consumption in hotels in Hong Kong.
Finally, conclusions of the present study are given in Chapter 7 together with suggestions for future work.