FOR WRITING THE METHODOLOGY
The Methodology or Procedures or Method chapter of an FYP serves a number of valuable purposes.
Look at the list below and tick those descriptions that apply to your methodology. Suggest other reasons for providing a detailed methodology.
Tick those items that are appropriate to describe your methodology. Add additional items that are needed to describe your particular study.
Once you have decided on all the information that needs to be included in the methodology chapter, careful thought needs to be given to the most logical order of presentation. One of the most logical ways to do this is to describe the procedures step-by-step, in the order in which they were carried out.
Choice of Tense
The tense usually used to describe the procedures that have been carried out in a research project is the simple past tense. The reason for the choice of simple past tense is that it is assumed that you are describing work that has already been completed. Avoid the common mistake of simply copying the methodology described in the proposal because this would have been written in the future tense.
are however, two possible exceptions to the use of the simple past tense.
The passive voice is usually used to describe the methodology because emphasis needs to be placed on the action rather than the person who carried out the action. The use of the passive voice has the effect of depersonalizing the information and thus making the tone more academic and professional.
When using the passive voice,
note the sentence structure illustrated below and take extra care with
the use of the past participle. It has been noted that many students often
omit the 'ed' ending of regular verbs.
e.g. The air temperature was measured every 24 hours.
Decide whether the Active or Passive voice is used in each of the four sentences below. Click on your choice.
through the following extract from a student's methodology chapter and
fill in each blank with the active or passive of the verb given..
Read through the extract below of a student's methodology chapter and highlight all the uses of simple past tense verbs and the passive voice.